INFORMATION : page. 105~112 / 2014 Vol.16 No.2
최근 우리나라 정신질환실태 역학조사에 의하면 중증정신질환자 수는 23만 5천 명 정도이며, 이 중 조현병이 70% 이상을 차지하고 그 외에 기분장애, 중독, 치매 등의 질환이 있으며, 이 중에서 최소한 2만여 명 정도가 입원치료 중인 것으로 추정된다(Ministry of Health & Welfare, 2006). 정신질환은 생물학적, 환경적 요인과의 복합적인 작용을 통해 발병하게 되는데, 조현병으로 진단받은 환자의 70%가 만성으로 진행되어 인지, 지각, 정동, 행동, 사회적 활동 등의 다양한 기능에 장애를 초래하게 되는(Kim & Byun, 2000) 등 대부분의 정신질환의 경우 증상이 반복되는 재발의 경과를 거치는 특징이 있다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a Combined Exercise Program on Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Factors for Chronic Psychiatric Inpatients. Methods: Thirty two subjects participated in this program who were admitted into a national mental hospital of C city. All measurements were done at baseline, 4 week, 8 week, and 12 week during the program. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated according to the change of body mass index, body fat, waist circumference, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting blood sugar. Collected data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, and repeated measures ANOVA with SPSS WIN 19.0. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the body mass index (p=.002), body fat (p<.001), waist circumference (p<.001), triglyceride (p=.020), and fasting blood sugar (p=.008). However, there were no statistically significant differences in the total cholesterol, or high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that a combined exercise program has positive effect on obesity and metabolic syndrome factor. Thus, a Combined Exercise program is recommended as an intervention to improve obesity and metabolic syndrome factors for chronic psychiatric inpatients.
Combined exercise,Obesity,Metabolic syndrome factor,복합운동,비만,대사증후군 인자