pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Health Promotion Behavior according to Body Mass Index and Self-Perception of Body Weight in Female Nursing Students


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INFORMATION : page. 60~68 / 2014 Vol.16 No.1


ABSTRACT

대학생은 성인기 초기에 속하며, 전통적으로 인생에서 가장 건강한 시기라고 받아들여지긴 하나, 건강 관련 지식부족, 불규칙한 식생활, 운동부족, 음주, 흡연 등의 행위들로 건강을 위협받고 있다(Hong, 2013). 특히 여성에게 대학시절은 신체적, 정신적으로 성숙이 완성되는 시기이며, 여대생들은 폭넒은 대인관계, 학문적 성취, 배우자 선택과 결혼, 직업선택, 직장 적응 등의 과업을 치러야 하는 다양한 신체적, 정신적, 사회적 건강문제에 노출되어 있다(Shin & Paik, 2003). 그런데 대학생은 아직 건강을 위협하는 뚜렷한 증상이 생기지 않는 시기여서 건강관리에 대한 불감증으로 인해 건강증진행위 수행정도는 중간정도 혹은 그 이하의 점수를 보여 수행정도가 낮은 편으로 나타났다.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the health promotion behavior according to body mass index (BMI) and self-perception of obesity in female nursing students. Methods: The subjects of this study were 143 female nursing students. The data were collected using a questionnaire about health, life style and general characteristics. BMI, waist and hip circumference, flexibility, and gripping force were measured. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. Results: Subjects were divided into three groups including true overweight (16.1%), false overweight (29.2%), and true normal weight group (43.5%) based on their BMI and self-perception about obesity. There were significant differences among the three groups in alcohol consumption, self-confidence on the accomplishment of desired weight in a year, gap between actual and desired weight, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and interpersonal relationship. The true normal weight group shows significantly higher interpersonal relationships than the true overweight group. Conclusion: It was determined that special strategies for increasing appropriate self-perception about obesity and health behaviors for female nursing students should be developed.

Keyword :

Health behavior; Body mass index; Perception; Nursing students,건강행위,체질량지수,체중지각,간호학과 학생


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