pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

The Relationships among Knowledge, Information Seeking Behavior, and Willingness for Education about Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in the Middle or High School Teachers


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INFORMATION : page. 239~248 / 2012 Vol.14 No.4


ABSTRACT

자궁경부암은 전 세계적으로 매년 약 50만 명의 환자가 발생하고 사망률이 50%에 이르는 주요생식기 암이다(Parkin, Bary, Ferlay, & Pisani, 2005). 우리나라의 경우, 국가암관리사업의 일환으로 1999년부터 자궁경부암 검진사업이 실시된 이후 조기진단이 증가하고 자궁경부암 발생이 다소 줄었다고는 하나, 2004년 한 해 동안 3,148명의 자궁경부암 환자가 발생하였고(Han et al., 2007), 2009년 3,733명이 발생하여 여전히 여성암 중 4.0% (7위)를 차지하는 주요 질환이다. 또한 전체적인 자궁경부암의 감소추세와는 달리 35세 미만 여성의 자궁경부암 발생률은 1990년 6%이던 것이 2006년 11.3%로 16년 동안 두 배 가량 늘어난 것으로 보고되고 있다(National Cancer Information Center [NCIC], 2010).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among knowledge, cancer information seeking behavior, and Willingness for education about Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among school teachers. Methods: The subjects were 135 teachers who had were working in the middle or high school in Korea. Data were collected by a self-report questionnaire, 2011. Data were analyzed by using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. Results: There was a positive relationship between information seeking behavior and Willingness for education about HPV vaccination. There were differences in Willingness for education according to necessity of HPV vaccination for premarital women above 16-year old and marital women below 45-year old, and necessity of education for students. The Willingness for education were predicted by information seeking behavior, groups who HPV vaccination is necessary to premarital women above 16-year old, and HPV vaccination education for student is necessary. These variables explained 25.0% of the variance of the Willingness for education about HPV vaccination. Conclusion: The Willingness for education about HPV vaccination among middle or high school teachers could be improved by the emphasis of the preception that HPV vaccination is necessary to middle or high school students and is related to the prevention of cervical cancer.

Keyword :

Papillomavirus Vaccines,School Teachers,Knowledge,Information Seeking Behavior,Education,보건교사,자궁경부암 예방백신,지식,암 정보추구행위,교육의지


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