pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Factors Influencing on Pressure Ulcer Incidence among Older Patients with Hip Fracture in a Hospital


Lee Sun Jin  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8758-7056
Jeong Jae Shim  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3029-2556
Lim Kyung-Choon  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2136-9275
Park Eun Young  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3911-430x
Kim Hye Youn  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3963-3601

INFORMATION : page. 54~61 / 2019 Vol.21 No.1


Purpose: This study aimed to identify the incidence and risks for pressure ulcer among older patients with hip fracture. Methods: The subject were 215 older patients suffering from hip fracture who were admitted for surgical operation from January 1, 2012 to April 30, 2016 in a university-affiliated hospital. The incidence of pressure ulcer was collected retrospectively through medical record review and the risk factors were analyzed using Cox s proportional hazard model. Results: Out of the total, 32 patients (14.9%) developed pressure ulcer with the average occurrence period being 4.72(±3.81) days. Stage Ⅱ pressure ulcer was the most common at 72.0%. Risk factors included ambulation status before injury (p=.039), spinal anesthesia (p=.029), and stay at intensive care unit after operation (p=.009). Conclusion: Despite pressure ulcer prevention efforts, the incidence remained relatively high. Considering the identified risk factors, more efforts is needed for early detection and prevention of pressure ulcers in such patients.

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