pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Comparison of the Effects on Sleep and Vital Signs of the Elderly Between the Hand Bath Group and the Foot Bath Group


Kang So-Yean 
Kim Joo Hyun 

INFORMATION : page. 151~157 / 2017 Vol.19 No.3


노인들은 다른 연령집단에 비해서 단기간의 치료나 간호가 아닌 장기적 치료 및 간호, 요양을 필요로 하는 만성질환을 대부분이 가지고 있다. 이런 만성질환으로 스트레스와 우울감이 증가함으로써 수면양상에 변화를 가져오게 되어 신체적, 정신적, 사회적인 약화를 가져와 삶의 질 저하를 가중시킨다고 볼 수 있다[1]. 대부분의 노인들은 노화로 인해 신체적 허약감과 사회적 상실감이 크게 나타나고, 만성질환 증가하면서 스트레스와 우울경향이 증가하여 이로 인해 수면양상의 변화가 두드러지게 나타나게 된다[2]. 재가 노인의 경우 수면장애호소는 23.7%로 나타나는 것에 비해 시설 거주노인은 41.7%에서 수면의 질이 좋지 않은 것으로 보고되고 있다.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of hand and foot baths on sleep and body temperature of the elderly. Methods: The research was designed for a nonequivalent control group before and after the test design. The subjects of this study totaled 43, aged 65 and over (23 people in hand bath group and 20 people in a foot bath group), who received a written voluntary consent to participate in experimental treatment and are in the W care center, S Nursing Home, and H care center in Seoul. Data were collected with questionnaires and observations, and were analyzed on the basis of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, χ²-test, Fisher exact test, t-test and paired t-test. Results: There are no significant differences in homogeneity test of a dependent variable between groups (hand bath, foot bath). The differences between 2 groups on the sleep quality score and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure temperature were not significant statistically except on the pulse. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, hand bath is as efficient as foot bath. Therefore, a hand bath can be a nursing intervention in order to enrich sleep quality for the elderly because a hand bath is more convenient than foot bath.

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