pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

The effect of Health Inequality Factors on Health Level of the Rural Elderly


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AUTHOR : Choi Dong Hee,Chae Young Ran

INFORMATION : page. 98~106 / 2017 Vol.19 No.2


ABSTRACT

우리나라 노인인구는 전체인구의 12.2%이며, 고령가구의 비율도 19.5%로 매년 증가하는 추세이다. 농촌지역의 경우 65세 이상 노인인구 비율이 2000년 14.7%에서 2010년 20.6%로 증가하여[1] 농촌은 이미 고령사회로 진입하였다고 할 수 있다. 노인인구의 급속한 증가로 고령사회가 된다는 것은 노인들이 질병과 장애로 고통을 겪는 기간이 길어짐으로 노년기 삶의 질이 저하되는 문제가 생기게 되며, 노년기에는 심리적, 신체적 약화에 따른 많은 변화를 겪게 된다[2].

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the relationships between the factors affecting health levels of the elderly in rural areas. Methods: Subjects were 257 elderly people residing in rural areas of six cities and Gangwon Province. Data was collected through questionnaires (demographic and socioeconomic status, social resources, health behaviors, physical environment, psychological tendency and general health levels) and was analyzed by using multiple regression and Sobel test. Results: The demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the subjects exerted statistically significant influence on their social resources, health behaviors, physical environment, and psychological tendencies. The demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, social resources, health behaviors, physical environment, and psychological tendencies, in turn, exerted a statistically significant influence on the health level. The social resources had mediating effects on the relationship between income, one of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and health level. The residential environments had mediating effects on the relationship between income and health level. The psychological tendency had mediating effects on the relationship between income and health level. Conclusion: This study suggests that income is an important factor affecting health level among rural elderly people. In addition, social resources, health behaviors, physical environment, and psychological tendencies among them also affect health level, so it is necessary to make strategies to improve these factors.

Keyword :

농촌,노인,건강불평등,건강수준


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