Jo Hyun Sook
INFORMATION : page. 51~59 / 2017 Vol.19 No.2
최근 들어 혈액투석환자는 의학의 발달과 인구의 고령화로 인한 만성질환의 증가와 함께 꾸준히 증가하고 있는 추세이다. 만성질환인 신부전이 말기 신부전증으로 진행되면서 혈액투석을 받는 환자의 수는 인구 백만 명당 2007년에 617명이었으나, 2015년에는 62,634명으로 약 100배 증가하였고, 복막투석이 7,352명, 신장이식이 17,028명으로 보고되어서 혈액투석은 말기 신부전증 대상자의 신 대체요법의 77.3%를 차지하였다.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the retention effects of an individualized dietary education program for hemodialysis patients on diet knowledge, diet self-care compliance, and physiological indices, thus to find the most effective time period for re-education. Method: This study utilized one-group repeated pretest-posttest design. The participants were 52 hemodialysis patients in C hospital, Gyeonggi-Do. Data were collected at 4 and 12 weeks after the education from January through April 2016. Results: There was significant increases in diet knowledge even 12 weeks after the education (p=.007). Diet self-care compliance showed a significant increase at 4weeks (p=.001), but a decrease at 12 weeks after the education. The level of blood natrium was significantly decreased between 4 and 12 weeks after the education (p=.006). The weight was significantly decreased at 12 weeks after the education. Conclusion: It has been identified that re-education for hemodialysis patients should be implemented between 4 and 12 weeks after education in order to maintain patients’ diet self-care compliance, an ultimate aim of diet education. By helping them with their self-care compliance, the patients would maintain their physical and psychological function optimally, thus contributing to a better quality of life among hemodialysis patients.
혈액투석환자,식이 교육프로그램,식이 지식,식이 자가간호 이행,생리적 지표