pISSN : 2383-6415   eISSN : 2383-6423

Instructions For Authors

Enacted in February 1999, most recently revised in November 2017



Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science (JKBNS) is the official journal of the Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science and the abbreviated title is "J Korean Biol Nurs Sci". It was launched in 1999. It is published quarterly in February, May, August, and November with articles in Korean with English abstracts or in English.

JKBNS is a peer-reviewed journal that seeks to promote the development and dissemination of nursing knowledge, particularly concentrated on the theory, practice, and education in the biological nursing disciplines. The types of manuscripts include original articles, review articles, and articles invited by the Editorial Board.

All articles in this journal are indexed in the Korea Citation Index (KCI), KoreaMed database, EBSCO Discovery Service Index, Academic Search Ultimate (ASU) database and Google scholar.



1. Research Ethics

1) In any research involving human subjects, authors must include a statement that informed consent and patient anonymity be conformed under the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/).

2) Animal research studies must state that the work was performed according to NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/guide-for-the-care-and-use-of-laboratory-animals_prepub.pdf ). Experiments involving animals should be reviewed by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the Institution for the care and use of animal.

3) The authors must be able to state that the research involving humans or animals has been approved by a Institutional Review Board (IRB).


2. Authorship

Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credits should be based on the authorship criteria of ICMJE, 2013 (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf ), which means only substantial contributions to: (i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; (ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (iii) final approval of the version to be published; and (iv) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are investigated and resolved appropriately. Conditions (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) must all be met.


3. Conflict of Interest

Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest. The corresponding author is required to disclose the authors’ potential conflicts of interest possibly influencing their interpretation of data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interests of patent-licensing arrangements, and grants or other funding. A potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed to the Editor-in-Chief with disclosure form (http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf).


4. The policies on the research and publication ethics of JKBNS conform the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, http://publicationethics.org ) Flowcharts for following COPE’s code of conduct and implementing its advice when faced with cases of suspected misconduct as follows

   1) Forgery: recording or reporting materials or research outputs which have been falsified.

   2) Alteration: manipulating research materials, equipment or process and/or chaning or omitting materials or research outputs, so as to render research records untrue.

   3) Plagiarism: appropriating others’ ideas, processes, outputs or records in an unauthorized manner.


5. Avoid duplicate publication and simultaneous submission

1) Submission is not permitted as long as a manuscript is under review with another journal.

   2) For the journal to carry any duplicated publication is not permitted regardless of whether part or all of them have been published, printed, recorded and/or registered in an academic journal in other languages, electronically or otherwise.

   3) The editorial board will decide whether the relevant manuscript is duplicately published and examined. If duplicate publication or simultaneous submission related to the manuscript is detected, the authors will be not permitted to submit a manuscript to JKBNS for two years.



1. The first author and corresponding author should be a member of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science, with the exception of non-Korean authors.

2. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the manuscript submission system of the website of Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science (http://www.bionursingjournal.or.kr ) with cover sheet.

3. JKBNS publishes as the following types of papers.

Original Articles: These are full papers reporting of empirical findings from basic and clinical research studies within the scope of JKBNS. These include studies using diverse approaches such as qualitative research, development of instrument, survey research, experimental studies, and information-based studies.

Review Articles: These include critical presentations of topics of interest to those relevant to theory, practice, and education within biological nursing field. The details of the literature search methodology should be provided. These include meta-analysis or systemic review etc.

Invited Articles: These are written by an invited expert, which provide a review of a important theme in biological nursing field.

4. Any master’s degree or doctoral degree thesis must be clearly presented in cover letter. The degree holder must be the 1st author of the thesis.

5. Any manuscript which do not meet the instruction for authors shall be not accepted. The authors cannot be changed and be added to author’s list after manuscript submission.

6. If you have any questions, you can send e-mail to Dr. Gyeong Ju An, Editor-in-chief, Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science (antheresa@cju.ac.kr, Department of Nursing, Cheongju University, 298 Daesungro, Cheongwongu, Cheongju 28503, Korea. Tel: +82-43-229-8992, Fax: +82-43-229-7988).


1. Manuscripts should be written in Korean or English. The bibliography and abstract should be written in English.

2. Manuscripts must be prepared according to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Style Guide for Authors (http://www.nlm.gov/citingmedicine).

3. The length of manuscript in Korean is 20 pages and that in English is limited to 6,000 words (excluding abstract, references, tables and figures).

4. All the manuscripts should be typewritten, double-spaced with Sinmyungjo of 10 font size in Hangul (.hwp) or Times New Roman of 12 font size in Microsoft Word (.doc), using margins of at least 25 mm.

5. Medical terms should be based on the English-Korean Medical Terminology (5th edition) by Korean Medical Association.

6. Expand all abbreviations at first mention in the text. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

7. Appliances and equipment should be mentioned with their model name, manufacturer, city (state) and nationality declared in parentheses.



1. Organize the manuscript in the following order, the title of the article, English abstract, text, references, tables, and figures. Each section begins on a new page. The text of manuscript should not include any identifying information, such as the authors’ names or affiliations, to ensure a blind review.


2. Title page

The title page must include title of the manuscript, all authors’ names and affiliations, contact information for corresponding author (name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and email address), acknowledgment (source of financial grant or thesis), and conflict of interest in Korean and English. The author must state that the manuscript has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.


3. Abstract

An abstract of no more than 250 words for articles (excluding title of the article) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including purpose, methods, results, and conclusion. Three to five English key words should be accompanied with abstract based on Medical Subject Headings (MeSH, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html ).


4. Text

The text of the article is usually divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

Introduction: Clarify the background of this study and purpose of the study.

Methods: Describe with subheadings the research design, samples, instruments, data collection procedure, ethical consideration, and statistical analysis (or data analysis) used.

Results: Describe the main outputs in a concise paragraph based on data analysis results.

Discussion: Make discussions based only on the identified results. Interpret these results through comparison them with previous research results and state the limitations of the research.

Conclusion: Describe the significance of the research based on research results and suggest for further study needed.

Conflict of interest: Conflict of interest should be presented after the main text and before the reference list.


5. Tables/Figures

1) Tables/Figures should be placed on a separate page and written in English, but not duplicate. The number of tables/figures in the manuscript should be no more than five.

2) The title of the table should be placed on the top of the table and first letters of important words should be capitalized (e.g., Table 1. Demographic Characteristics of Participants).

3) Define abbreviations used in the tables/figures at the bottom of a table/figure (e.g., BP=Blood pressure; BT=Body temperature).                   

4) The significance level should be rounded off to three decimal places (e.g., p=.003). If a p-value is .000, it shall be indicated as p<.001. If p-values have to be reported using footnotes, *, ** shall be used (e.g., *p<.05, **p<.01).

5) Only if the number of statistical data can be more than 1, 0 shall be placed in front of the decimal point (e.g., t=0.26, F=0.92, p<.001, r=.14, R2=.61).          

6) The title of the figure should be placed below the figure with the first letter capitalized (e.g., Figure 1. Weekly body weight gain.).              

7) Table footnotes should be indicated with superscript symbols (e.g., †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, #, **) in sequence.

8) As for a microscopic photo of a tissue specimen, the site, dyeing method and magnification of the tissue shall be presented.


6. References

1) Citation in text

In the text, citation of references should be conformed to Citing Medicine: The NLM(National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers 2nd edition (2007) (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine ). Reference should be numbered serially within 〔 〕in the order they appear (e.g., In the study by Norton et al. [23]...). When multiple references are cited together, use a commas (e.g.,2,5). When more than three references are cited to indicate series of inclusive numbers, use hyphen (e.g.,3-5). Even if you decide to include the author's name in the text, you should insert citation number after the author's name. If a work has one or two authors, you should insert all authors in your text (e.g., Jones [10], Jones and Smith [12]). If you want to name more than two authors in the text, you should insert the first authors last name followed by et al. (e.g., Jones et al. [3]).

2) Reference list

In the reference list, the references should be numbered and listed in order of appearance in the text. References should be listed in English according to NLM style (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html ). Full journal name should be written with first letters of important words should be capitalized. If a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) has been assigned to the reference article, authors should include it end of the page numbers of reference article.

References examples form:

Journal articles

authors’ names (including all co-authors). title. journal full name. year;volume(issue):page numbers. DOI

Journal paper with up to six authors:

Won SJ, Chae YR. The effects of aromatherapy massage on pain, sleep, and stride length in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis. Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science. 2011;13(2):142-148.

Journal paper with more than six authors:

Lee KS, Jeong JS, Choe MA, Kim JH, An GJ, Kim JH, et al. Development of standard syllabuses for 4 subjects (structure and function of human body, pathogenic microbiology, pathophysiology, mechanisms and effects of drug) of bionursing. Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science. 2013;15(1):33-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.7586/jkbns.2013.15.1.33

Online articles not yet published in an issue

Fujita K, Xia Z, Liu X, Mawatari M, Makimoto K. Lifestyle and health-related quality of life in Asian patients with total hip arthroplasties. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2014. Forthcoming.


authors’ name(s). title. number of editions. place of publication:publisher; year of publication. page numbers.

Entire book

Han MC, Kim CW. Sectional human anatomy. 3rd ed. Seoul: Ilchokak; 1991. p.85-161.

Gordon PH, Nivatvongs S. Principles and practice of surgery for the colon, rectum and anus. 2nd ed. St Louis: Quality Medical Publishers; 1992. p.102-105.

Chapter in a book

McCabe S. Psychopharmacology and other biologic treatments. In: Boyd MA, editor. Psychiatric nursing: Contemporary practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Williams and Wilkins; 2005. p. 124-138.

Translated book

Stuart G. Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing. 9th ed. Kim SS, Kim KH, Ko SH, translators. Philadelphia, PA:Mosby;2008. p.520-522.  


Government reports

authors’ name(s). title. type of report. place of publication:publisher; year of publication. report numbers.

Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas (TX): Dept. of Health and Human services (US), Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HHSI-GOEI 69200860.


Dissertations and Theses

authors’ name. titletype of certificate. place of publication:university; year of publication. total page numbers.

Doctoral dissertation 

          Choi YJ. A study of utilization of alternative complementary medicine by cancer patients dissertation. Seoul: Seoul National University; 1998. p. 1-108.

Master’s thesis       

          Kwon IS. Effect of music therapy on pain, discomfort and depression for fracture patients in lower extremitiesmaster’s thesis. Daegu: Keimyung University; 2003. p. 1-50.


Cited from secondary materials   It shall be declared that secondary materials are cited from primary materials.

         Gordis E. Relapse and craving: A commentary. Alcohol Alert. 1989;6:3. Cited by Mason BJ, Kocsis JH, Ritvo EC, Cutler RB. A double-blind, placebo controlled trial of desipramine for primary alcohol dependence stratified on the presence or absence of major depression, JAMA. 1996;275:761-767.


Conference papers


author(s). paper title. In: editor(s), conference title, the year, place, place of publication, publisher, year of publication, and page numbers.

Virolainen A, Saxen H, Leinonen N. Antibody response to pneumolysin in children with acute otitis media. In: Lim DJ, Bluestone CD, Klein JO, Nelson JD, Ogura PL. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Otitis Media; 1991 May 20-24; Fort Lauderdale, FL. Hamilton: Decker Periodicals; 1993. p. 205-6.

Oral session presentation

author(s). paper title. Paper presented at: conference title, the year, place, place.

Lanktree C, Briere J. Early data on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Paper presented at: The meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children; 1991 January 23-25; San Diego, CA.

Poster session presentation

author(s). paper title. Poster session presented at: conference title, the year, place, place.

Ruby J, Fulton C. Beyond redlining: Editing software that works. Poster session presented at: The annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing; 1993, June; Washington, DC.


Web sites

author(s). title [Internet]. place of publication: publisher; year of publication [date of citation]. Available from URL.

Hooper JF. Psychiatry & the Law: Forensic Psychiatric Resource Page[Internet]. Tuscaloosa(AL): University of Alabama, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology; 1999 Jan 1 [cited 2007 Feb23]. Available from: http://bama.ua.edu/~jhooper/ .




All submitted manuscripts are first reviewed by journal editor-in-chief. If a manuscript fails to comply with the submission guidelines or the checklist, it will be rejected for review and then returned to the author, to be re-written and re-submitted according to the submission guidelines.


Review process

All manuscripts are sent simultaneously to three reviewers for blind peer review. Authors will receive notification of the reviewer’s comments with the publication decision (accept, accept with minor revision, review after major revision, reject).

Submission of revised manuscript

According to the reviewers’ recommendations, the authors should revise the manuscript with presentation in red and submit revised manuscripts with table for reaction to the reviewer’s recommendations via online submission system within 3 months. If the revised manuscript is not returned within 6 months, it will be deemed that the author has decided not to pursue publication. If necessary, the Editorial Board may consult statisticians during the review process. Rejected papers may have one more chance to have peer-review process if author resubmit the paper after complete revision.



Manuscript editors review

The finally accepted manuscript will be reviewed by manuscript editor of JKBNS for the consistency of the format and the completeness of references.


Before publication, the proof will be sent via email to the corresponding author for approval. The proof must be returned after approval of the corresponding author within 48 hours.


When the publication is approved by the Editorial Board after reviewing, written consents for copyright transfer containing all the authors' signatures on the Copyright Agreement form should be submitted to the Editorial Board (email: bionursing@naver.com , FAX: +82-43-229-7988). For the copyrights of all material published in JKBNS, identify Creative Commons (Attribution-NonDerives. https://creativecommons.org ).


Twenty reprints are supplied free of charge to the corresponding author. Additional reprints can be purchased through the publisher.

Publication fee

The publication fee is US $40 each page. If the research fund were presented in acknowledgement, US $50 will be charged additionally.



If you are interested in subscribing JKBNS, mail to bionursing@naver.com



Enacted Feb. 1999 Revised May 2013

Revised Dec. 2007 Revised Dec. 2014

Revised Jan. 2010 Revised Nov. 2015

Revised May 2012 Revised Nov. 2017


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Department of Clinical Nursing, University of Ulsan, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, KR 05505, Republic of Korea
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